IELTS Reading Bài tập True False Not given 2

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By Nguyễn Huyền

Các bạn hãy làm IELTS Reading Bài tập True False Not Given 1 trước khi làm bài 2 nhé.

Bài tập IELTS Reading True False Not Given

The first timepieces that were worn are the so called clock watches of the mid 16th century. They were quite different from the modern day wristwatch in several respects. They were made almost completely from brass and were not round but cylindrical in shape with a hinged metal cover instead of a glass face. This was in the form of a grill so that the hour hand – there was no minute hand or second hand – could be seen without opening it.

Another difference was that these clock watches were almost entirely decorative in purpose and were worn in the same way as a necklace or a brooch, typically being attached to the clothing or hung around the neck. Part of the reason for this is that the many of the first watch makers were jewellers by trade, men who had to find a new form of work after Calvin banned the wearing of jewellery in 1547. So they brought the skills of ornamentation to their new craft. So while the most famous clock watches were the plain Nuremburg Eggs made by Peter Henlein, who is sometimes credited with the invention of the watch, the designs rapidly became increasingly ornate and included shapes such as flowers, stars and animals. Indeed, the nobility, who were the only people able to afford these timepieces, bought them almost exclusively for their appearance and not for timekeeping purposes for the simple reason that they would often gain or lose several hours in the course of a day.

Are the following statements true, false, or not given in the text?

  1. Clock watches only had one hand
  2. Peter Henlein first worked as a jeweller
  3. All the first clock-watches were ornate.

(Source: dcielts.com)

Đáp án và giải thích chi tiết (click vào link bên dưới để hiện)

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  1. Clock watches only had one hand (TRUE)

           (Những chiếc đồng hồ chỉ có 1 kim)

Đáp án nằm ở:

This was in the form of a grill so that the hour hand – there was no minute hand or second hand – could be seen without opening it.

Giải thích: “the hour hand” là kim chỉ giờ, tiếp sau là câu “there was no minute hand or second hand” nghĩa là không có kim phút hay kim giây. Do đó chiếc đồng hồ này chỉ có 1 kim là kim giờ. Đáp án là TRUE.

  1. Peter Henlein first worked as a jeweller (NOT GIVEN)

             (Công việc đầu tiên của Peter Henlein là thợ kim hoàn)

Đáp án nằm ở:

Part of the reason for this is that the many of the first watch makers were jewellers by trade, men who had to find a new form of work after Calvin banned the wearing of jewellery in 1547….So while the most famous clock watches were the plain Nuremburg Eggs made by Peter Henlein,….

Giải thích: Bài có nhắc tới “nhiều thợ làm đồng hồ đầu tiên là những thợ kim hoàn trong buôn bán”, và nhắc tới tên “Peter Henlein, nhưng không hề đề cập tới công việc đầu tiên của anh này. Do đó chúng ta không biết công việc đầu tiên của anh này có phải là thợ kim hoàn hay không. Vậy đáp án là NOT GIVEN.

  1. All the first clock-watches were ornate. (FALSE)

             (Tất cả đồng hồ đều được chạm khắc)

Đáp án nằm ở:

So they brought the skills of ornamentation to their new craft. So while the most famous clock watches were the plain Nuremburg Eggs made by Peter Henlein, who is sometimes credited with the invention of the watch, the designs rapidly became increasingly ornate.

ornate >< plain

Họ đưa kỹ thuật chạm khắc đến với những đồ thủ công mới. Trong khi những chiếc đồng hồ nổi tiếng nhất là Numemburg Eggs có thiết kế trơn (không chạm khắc), kỹ thuật này đang ngày càng phổ biến → Không phải tất cả đồng hồ đều được chạm khắc. Đáp án là FALSE.

KEYWORD TABLE & VOCAB

ielts-reading-true-false-not-given-exercise-2
Sau mỗi bài tập, các bạn nhớ rút ra bảng từ đồng nghĩa và bảng từ cần học nhé

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